Robert Crosby was shot aboard Swift Boat PCF-13 by a round
accidentally fired from the rear .50 caliber Browning machine gun. The distance
was 3-4 feet. Also injured in the incident was Lieutenant (junior grade) John W.
Hoeche. This happened September 24, 1970 at about 6:28 PM. Crosby was on board
as instructor, Hoeche and his crew as under instruction. Hoeche was injured by
the muzzle blast but administered almost immediate first aid and comfort to
Crosby and continued to do so until placed in a stretcher.
The gun and expended shell were later examined at the Naval
Armory on site. The gun was "in excellent condition" but the chamber was "badly
corroded". The ammunition was "in a similar (green) corroded state". They
thought "the round was in the chamber at least 24 hours prior to being fired".
The firing mechanism and trigger release "pressure was normal". The base of the
expended shell was measured with a micrometer and the outside diameter of the
base was increased .005 inch compared to the next shell in line in the belt.
This expansion was thought insufficient to account for it not being
automatically extracted. Those examining the gun felt the expended cartridge
failed to extract from the T-slot due to the poor state of cleanliness in the
T-slot, lack of lubrication and corrosion on the base of the cartridge. It was
also determined that the weapon was locked in elevation at 5 degrees and at 170
degrees to train. This would mean the barrel was pointing slightly above level,
and aimed almost directly astern.
The vessel was assigned to Crosby and Hoeche for a coastal
patrol at about 5:00 PM that day. The officers and crew prepared the boat for a
patrol. At 6:10 the crew removed the canvas cover on the rear gun 75% of the
way. A crew member noted a belt of ammunition fed into the gun. The top cover
plate of the weapon was unlatched. The crew was surprised that the belt with
ammunition was fed into the gun. They noted two shells were inboard of the feed
pawl. The crew did not look into the receiver. The belt was removed.
One crew member attempted to pull the bolt of the weapon back
with the cocking handle. He only pulled the bolt back 3/4 of an inch when his
hand slipped on the handle and the bolt went forward again. The crew member
changed his position and after wiping his hand, pulled again with his right hand
but he slipped and hit the trigger with his left thumb, said a witness. The
gunner said the weapon discharged as he started to pull back the cocking handle.
The ambulance took Crosby to the 95th Evacuation hospital,
DaNang, about 7:00 PM September 24th. Then on September 26 he was transferred to
the Third Field Hospital Saigon, where he died.
Lt Commander Paul E. Dodson, Jr. conducted the investigation
into the incident. The documents released to me under the Freedom of Information
Act total about 100 pages.
I think some of the participants might not be fully aware of all
the facts of the case such as how the gun was accidentally fired and events of
PCF-13 in the hours just before the incident. The book by the Zumwalts, My
Father, My Son (1986), which is
dedicated in part to Robert Crosby, deals with the incident and leads me to this
The Hoeche crew arrived in Vietnam on September 14 1970, ten
days before the incident, and reported to Coastal Division 12 on September 16.
The crew's first patrol together was to be this patrol. The crew started out
that day on PCF-78, departing just before noon on the 24th. But they returned
about 2:00 PM for repairs, went out again and returned. They decided that PCF-78
was in no condition to go on patrol and to transfer to PCF-13. They transferred
their gear and supplies to the new vessel.
On September 24, PCF-13 was used in another training mission. A
quartermaster received permission to take PCF-13 out for his ground school of
six Vietnamese sailors. He got underway at about 2:30 PM and went to DaNang
harbor for drills. The first hour was spent on man-overboard drills using the
life ring. Then he spent time on radar tuning and taught the students how to use
the Decca 202 radar. They did bumper drills at the Vietnamese Naval Base. At
3:15 a skimmer informed him to return to base and he arrived there at 3:30 PM.
The quartermaster gave a statement but the Vietnamese personal were not
interviewed. He said none of the students tampered with the after mount.
PCF-13 was used on patrol by another crew, the Zumwalt crew, on
the night of September 22. The weapon was fired that night at a Sampan. They
towed the Sampan and went out on patrol 3:30 AM the next morning and patrolled
until about 11:00 AM that morning. The boat was returned to dock at about 3:30
the afternoon of September 23. The gunner for the rear mount left the weapon
unloaded and his crew members back him up, especially his vessel commander. One
crew member said the top door of the .50 was opened and the belt removed, the
operator jacked the handle back, removed the round which fell to the deck. It
was thrown overboard. They left the rear gun with one round of the ammo belt
inboard of the feed pawl.
The investigator's original conclusion was that the incident was
not caused by the intent, fault, negligence or inefficiency of Navy persons. The
second review of the report by J. J. Shanahan did not agree with this conclusion
as did subsequent persons in the chain of review, but fault was never assessed.
I conclude generally in war there are terrible mistakes. The
remembrance of these errors can be fearsome and painful. It is my hope that the
dark of night brings each sailor peace and the dawn of day brings new hope for
accomplishment and fulfillment. Sleep should bring each sailor and former sailor
dreams of home.
Howard H. Prestwich
216 W. Stephenson Street
Freeport, IL 61032